Peridontal (Gum) Treatment

Periodontists | Gum disease specialists

There is a much greater threat of gum disease (periodontal disease) for Americans aged 30 and up. This is a potentially perilous condition as the the disease often progresses without being detected as it can be painless until more serious problems arise. Genetic factors sometimes contribute to the development of periodontal disease but it is believed amongst dental practitioners that the greatest factor is most often reflected on how thoroughly people take care of their teeth and gums’ hygiene.

The chances of suffering from periodontal Disease (Gum disease) increase drastically for Americans aged 30 and older. Gum disease is especially perilous due to the fact that the disease often progresses at such a gradual pace that it often remains undetected until serious problems arise. Dentists agree that gum disease is generally directly linked with a failure to maintain a healthy hygiene regimen. Overlooking a thorough regimen, as well as certain genetic factors both play a role in determining the progression of gum disease.

Phases of Gum Disease

Periodontal disease (or gum disease) is a progressively spreading infection of the gums and the supporting jawbone. Plaque buildup that is allowed to remain in place, around the base of your teeth, eventually calcifies and becomes tartar. Toxin-releasing micro-organisms lay within the plaque, which covers the tartar – what is referred to as gingivitis, the first phase of periodontal disease. Gingivitis causes symptoms such as inflammation, swelling, and bleeding gums. The advanced phase of periodontal disease (periodontitis) consists of the same toxins causing the bone to dissolve and degenerate. Teeth, requiring this jaw bone for support begin to shift and eventually fall out due to a lack of support.

Periodontal Surgery

The most common treatments in reversing gum disease include deep cleaning, antibiotic prescriptions, boosting hygiene regimens at home and follow ups with your dentist. Your periodontal professional will commence treatment by extracting any tartar, diseased tissue, and plaque the surface of your teeth, as well as below the gum line. Root planing and smoothing may be necessary to allow for proper healing of gum tissue. Dr. Mike Ghattas and associates, in advanced cases, may advise you that bone grafts may be needed, determined by the volume of bone that has degenerated due to the periodontal disease.

Preventive Measures

Periodontal diseases (Gum disease) are most effectively treated when detected early-on and by maintaining an optimal dental hygiene regimen (twice-daily brushing of teeth aids in the removal of the thin layer of toxin-releasing bacteria and flossing is also pertinent as it removes food and bacteria from between teeth.) Further, utilizing either a prescription or over the counter oral rince also reduces the microbial count in your mouth).A healthy diet and regular dental appointments should be adhered to as it can prevent and reverse gum disease, ensuring a lifelong and healthful smile.

Arestin Therapy

This non-surgical therapy aims to “arrest” the development of periodontal disease when used cooperatively with scaling & root planing treatments.

ArestinTM is a locally administered antimicrobial agent composed of minocycline HCL microspheres. ArestinTM is is ideally utilized for pockets having a depth of 5 millimeters or greater. 1 mg powder is generally prescribed and is directly inserted into a cleansed periodontal pocket using a distinctive delivery method. Following the placing of the Arestin, it will harder and remain in place within the pocket whilst expelling Minocycline during a timeframe determined by your periodontal professional (on an average of 18 – 20 days), This ensures that a constant and optimal dosage of antibiotics are administered to the infection site, thus reducing the bacterial count within the pocket.

Most patients benefit from a 2 mm reduction in the depth of the pockets once the non-surgical treatment is complete. When brushing twice daily and flossing alone do not effectively treat infected sites (most commonly occurs with patients who smoke, have diabetes or a cardio-vascular anomaly) Arestin tends to be the best option to treat for periodontal disease.

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